Achilles Tendinitis

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      Symptoms     |     Causes     |     Diagnosing     |     Treatment

      What is Achilles Tendinitis?

      The Achilles tendon attaches your calf muscles to your heel bone, or calcaneus. You use this tendon to jump, walk, run, and stand on the balls of your feet.

      Continuous, intense physical activity, such as running and jumping, can cause painful inflammation of the Achilles tendon, known as Achilles tendonitis (or tendinitis).

      There are two types of Achilles tendonitis: insertional Achilles tendinitis and noninsertional Achilles tendinitis.

      • Insertional Achilles tendinitis affects the lower portion of your tendon where it attaches to your heel bone.
      • Noninsertional Achilles tendinitis involves fibers in the middle portion of the tendon and tends to affect younger people who are active.

      Simple home treatments can help Achilles tendinitis. However, if home treatment doesn’t work, it’s important to see a doctor. If your tendinitis gets worse, your tendon can tear. You may need medication or surgery to ease the pain.

      Achilles Tendinits

      Achilles Tendinitis pain can occur within the tendon itself or at the point where it attaches to the heel bone, called the Achilles tendon insertion.

      Symptoms

      The pain associated with Achilles Tendinitis typically begins as a mild ache in the back of the leg or above the heel after running or other sports activity. Episodes of more-severe pain may occur after prolonged running, stair climbing or sprinting.

      You might also experience tenderness or stiffness, especially in the morning, which usually improves with mild activity.

      Risk factors

      A number of factors may increase your risk of Achilles Tendinitis, including:

      • Your sex. Achilles Tendinitis occurs most commonly in men.
      • Age. Achilles Tendinitis is more common as you age.
      • Physical problems. A naturally flat arch in your foot can put more strain on the Achilles tendon. Obesity and tight calf muscles also can increase tendon strain.
      • Training choices. Running in worn-out shoes can increase your risk of Achilles Tendinitis. Tendon pain occurs more frequently in cold weather than in warm weather, and running on hilly terrain also can predispose you to Achilles injury.
      • Medical conditions. People who have psoriasis or high blood pressure are at higher risk of developing Achilles Tendinitis.
      • Medications. Certain types of antibiotics, called fluoroquinolones, have been associated with higher rates of Achilles Tendinitis.

      Complications

      Achilles Tendinitis can weaken the tendon, making it more vulnerable to a tear (rupture) — a painful injury that usually requires surgical repair.

        Athletes, particularly runners, should incorporate a thorough stretching program to properly warm-up the muscles. They should decrease the distance of their walk or run, apply ice after the activity and avoid any uphill climbs. Because Achilles Tendinitis is often caused by over-pronation, Orthotic shoes are constructed specifically to control pronation and reduce tendon strain.

        Information from the https://www.healthline.com/health/achilles-tendinitis website.


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