Treatment of Achilles Tendinitis
Treatment aims to relieve pain and reduce swelling. The choice of treatment will depend on the severity of the condition and whether the patient is a professional athlete or not.
The doctor will probably suggest a combination of strategies.
Methods of treating Achilles tendinitis include:
- Ice packs: Applying these to the tendon, when in pain or after exercising, can alleviate pain and inflammation.
- Rest: This gives the tissue time to heal. The type of rest needed depends on the severity of the symptoms. In mild cases, it may mean reducing the intensity of a workout, but severe cases might require complete rest for days or weeks.
- Elevating the foot: Keeping the foot raised above the level of the heart can reduce swelling.
- Pain relief: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), such as ibuprofen, can reduce pain and swelling. People with asthma, kidney disease, or liver disease should first check with a doctor.
- Steroid injections: Cortisone, for example, can reduce tendon swelling, but it has also been associated with a greater risk of tendon rupture. Giving the injection while scanning the area with ultrasound can reduce this risk.
- Compression bandages and orthotic devices: Ankle supports, diabetic shoes and insoles can aid recovery as they take the stress off the tendon. Heel lifts, which move the foot away from the back of the shoe, may help patients with insertional Achilles tendinitis.
- Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT): High-energy shockwaves are used to stimulate the healing process. Results have not been consistent, but if other measures do not work, it might be worth trying before opting for surgery.
It usually takes between a few days and 6 weeks for achilles tendinitis to heal.
Information from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/ website
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