Achilles Tendinitis Causes


      What is Achilles Tendinitis?     |     Symptoms     |     Diagnosing     |     Treatment

      Causes of Achilles Tendinitis

      Excessive exercise or walking commonly causes Achilles tendinitis, especially for athletes. However, factors unrelated to exercise may also contribute to your risk. Rheumatoid arthritis and infection are both linked to tendinitis.

      Any repeated activity that strains your Achilles tendon can potentially cause tendinitis. Some causes include:

      • exercising without a proper warmup
      • straining the calf muscles during repeated exercise or physical activity
      • playing sports, such as tennis, that require quick stops and changes of direction
      • sudden increase in physical activity without allowing your body to adjust to increased training
      • wearing old or poorly fitting shoes
      • wearing high heels daily or for prolonged durations
      • having bone spurs in the back of your heels
      • being older, as the Achilles tendon weakens with age

      Achilles tendon injuries are common in people who do things where they quickly speed up, slow down, or pivot, such as:

      • Running
      • Gymnastics
      • Dance
      • Football
      • Baseball
      • Softball
      • Basketball
      • Tennis
      • Volleyball

      These injuries tend to happen when you start moving suddenly as you push off and lift your foot rather than when you land. For instance, a sprinter might get one at the start of a race as he surges off the starting block. The abrupt action can be too much for the tendon to handle. Men over 30 are particularly prone to Achilles tendon injuries.

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